A membrane protein enrichment method composed of ultracentrifugation and detergent-based extraction was first developed based on MCF7 cell line. Then, in-solution digestion with detergents and eFASP (enhanced filter-aided sample preparation) with detergents were compared with the time-consuming in-gel digestion method. Among the in-solution digestion strategies, the eFASP combined with RapiGest identified 1125 membrane proteins. Similarly, the eFASP combined with sodium deoxycholate identified 1069 membrane proteins; however, the in-gel digestion characterized 1091 membrane proteins. Totally, with the five digestion methods, 1390 membrane proteins were identified with ≥1 unique peptides, among which 1345 membrane proteins contain unique peptides ≥2. This is the biggest membrane protein data set for MCF7 cell line and even breast cancer tissue samples. Interestingly, we identified 13 unique peptides belonging to 8 missing proteins (MPs). Finally, eight unique peptides were validated by synthesized peptides. Two proteins were confirmed as MPs, and another two proteins were candidate detections.
Keywords: detergent; digestion; membrane proteomics; missing proteins; ultracentrifugation.