Recurrent hydropneumothorax: An unusual presentation for malignant pleural mesothelioma

Respir Med Case Rep. 2016 Jul 12;19:43-5. doi: 10.1016/j.rmcr.2016.07.003. eCollection 2016.


Mesothelioma is a rare pulmonary malignancy commonly associated with asbestos exposure. Its presentation is insidious and non-specific, with complaints of chest pain, dyspnea and cough. Chest X-ray may demonstrate unilateral pleural effusion. CT and PET scans may highlight nodular pleural plaques. Diagnosis often times is difficult with negative imaging and negative pleural fluid studies. In rare cases, hydropneumothoraces may be seen. We report a case of malignant pleural mesothelioma presenting as recurrent hydropneumothorax with negative CT scan of the chest for pleural abnormalities and negative pleural fluid studies.

Keywords: Hydropneumothorax; Mesothelioma; Pneumothorax; Unilateral pleural effusion.

Publication types

  • Case Reports