Safety and Efficacy of Self-Expanding TAVR in Patients With Aortoventricular Angulation

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Aug;9(8):973-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2016.06.002.


Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between aortoventricular (AoV) angulation on clinical outcomes after self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with severe aortic stenosis who were deemed suboptimal for surgery.

Background: Multidetector computed tomographic (MDCT) imaging of the aortovalvular complex has become a prerequisite for case planning with self-expanding TAVR. The effect of aortic angulation, an index of an unfolded or "horizontal" aorta, on procedural outcome after self-expanding TAVR is not known.

Methods: The clinical course of 3,578 patients who received implants in the CoreValve US Clinical Trials and who had prospective MDCT estimation of the AoV angle before the procedure was reviewed. Clinical site echocardiogram assessments were used to determine the degree of residual aortic regurgitation 24 to 48 h after the procedure and at 30 days. On the basis of the measurement of the AoV angle on MDCT, patients were categorized into septiles, ranging from the lowest septile of an AoV angle <37.0° to the highest AoV angle septile of >55.0°.

Results: Patients were elderly (age 83.3 ± 7.8 years) and were at high risk for surgical valve replacement (Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality 8.8 ± 4.7). Greater degrees of AoV angulation were correlated with older age (p < 0.0001). Although procedure time was 6.9 min longer in the highest septile (59.4 ± 35.9 min vs. 52.5 ± 35.3 min in the lowest septile; p = 0.004), there were no linear trends (p > 0.05) in the frequencies of device success, procedural success, frequencies of moderate or greater aortic regurgitation at 30 days, number of valves implanted, or need for balloon post-dilation or new pacemakers among the AoV angle septiles.

Conclusions: The degree of AoV angulation does not affect early clinical outcomes self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve replacement. (Safety and Efficacy Study of the Medtronic CoreValve® System in the Treatment of Symptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis in High Risk and Very High Risk Subjects Who Need Aortic Valve Replacement [Medtronic CoreValve® U.S. Pivotal Trial]; NCT01240902).

Keywords: aortic valve; replacement; self-expanding; transcatheter.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aorta / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Valve / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Valve / physiopathology
  • Aortic Valve / surgery*
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / etiology
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / mortality
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery*
  • Aortography / methods*
  • Balloon Valvuloplasty* / adverse effects
  • Balloon Valvuloplasty* / mortality
  • Bioprosthesis*
  • Computed Tomography Angiography*
  • Echocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Multidetector Computed Tomography*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / adverse effects
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / instrumentation*
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / mortality
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States

Associated data