Tigecycline-based versus sulbactam-based treatment for pneumonia involving multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex

BMC Infect Dis. 2016 Aug 5;16:374. doi: 10.1186/s12879-016-1717-6.

Abstract

Background: The treatment options for pneumonia involving multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR Acb) complex are limited, and the optimal treatment has not been established.

Methods: To compare the efficacy of tigecycline-based with sulbactam (or ampicillin/sulbactam)-based therapy for pneumonia involving MDR Acb complex, we conducted a retrospective study comparing 84 tigecycline-treated adult patients during the period August 2007 to March 2010 with 84 sulbactam or ampicillin/sulbactam-treated adult patients during the period September 2004 to July 2007. Both groups had the matched Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score and received treatment for at least 7 days.

Results: The mean APACHE II score was 20.1 for both groups. More patients in sulbactam group had ventilator use (89.3 % versus 69.0 %), bilateral pneumonia (79.8 % versus 60.7 %) and combination therapy (84.5 % versus 53.6 %), particularly with carbapenems (71.4 % versus 6.0 %), while more patients in tigecycline group had delayed treatment (41.7 % versus 26.2 %) (P <0.05). At the end of treatment, more patients in sulbactam group had airway MDR Acb complex eradication (63.5 % versus 33.3 %, P <0.05). The clinical resolution rate was 66.7 % for both groups. The mortality rate during treatment was 17.9 % in sulbactam group, and 25.0 % in tigecycline group (P = 0.259). The multivariate analysis showed that bilateral pneumonia was the only independent predictor for mortality during treatment (adjusted odds ratio, 2.717; 95 % confidence interval, 1.015 to 7.272).

Conclusions: Patients treated with either tigecycline-based or sulbactam-based therapy had a similar clinical outcome, but tigecycline group had a lower microbiological eradiation rate.

MeSH terms

  • Acinetobacter Infections / drug therapy*
  • Acinetobacter Infections / microbiology
  • Acinetobacter baumannii* / isolation & purification
  • Acinetobacter calcoaceticus* / isolation & purification
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Carbapenems / therapeutic use
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial* / drug effects
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minocycline / administration & dosage
  • Minocycline / analogs & derivatives*
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / drug therapy*
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / microbiology
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / mortality
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sulbactam / administration & dosage*
  • Taiwan / epidemiology
  • Tigecycline
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Carbapenems
  • Tigecycline
  • Minocycline
  • Sulbactam