The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of various repeated fractional intradermal dosing schedules of inactivated polio vaccine serotype 1 (IPV1) on IPV1-specific IgG responses in rats. By utilizing an applicator that allowed for precisely controlled intradermal microinjections by using a single hollow microneedle, rats were immunized intradermally with 5 D-antigen units (DU) of IPV1 at 150μm skin depth. This dose was administered as a bolus, or in a repeated fractional dosing schedule: 4 doses of 1.25 DU (1/4th of total dose) were administered on four consecutive days or every other day; 8 doses of 0.625 DU (1/8th of total dose) were administered on eight consecutive days; or 4 exponentially increasing doses (0.04, 0.16, 0.8 and 4 DU), either with or without an exponentially increasing CpG oligodeoxynucleotide 1826 (CpG) dose, were administered on four consecutive days. All of these fractional dosing schedules resulted in up to ca. 10-fold higher IPV1-specific IgG responses than intradermal and intramuscular bolus dosing. IPV1 combined with adjuvant CpG in exponential dosing did not significantly increase the IPV1-specific IgG responses further, which demonstrated that maximal responses were achieved by fractional dosing. In conclusion, repeated fractional intradermal IPV1 dosing leads to superior IPV1-specific IgG responses without the use of adjuvants. These results indicate that a controlled release delivery system for intradermal IPV1 delivery can potentiate IPV1-specific IgG responses.
Keywords: Adjuvant; Dose-sparing; Fractional dose; Hollow microneedles; Inactivated polio vaccine; Intradermal immunization; Poliomyelitis.
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