Use of complementary health approaches at military treatment facilities, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2010-2015

MSMR. 2016 Jul;23(7):9-22.

Abstract

Survey-based research has demonstrated the increasing use and acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in general and military populations. This report summarizes the use of three CAM procedures (chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, acupuncture, and biofeedback) among active component service members from 2010 through 2015. Findings document a marked increase in the use of chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation and acupuncture procedures since 2010. The majority of the 240 military installations in this analysis provided chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation; more than three-quarters provided acupuncture; and approximately one-third provided biofeedback procedures. "Other and unspecified disorders of the back" was the most frequent condition for which chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation and acupuncture were used. "Non-allopathic lesions not elsewhere classified" was the second most frequent diagnosis during chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation-related visits. The second and third most frequent diagnoses during acupuncture-related visits were "acute and chronic pain" and "adjustment reaction," respectively. "Adjustment reaction" was the second most frequent diagnosis associated with biofeedback. Continued research is needed to gain a better understanding of why military personnel are using CAM and the role these procedures play in their health care.

MeSH terms

  • Acupuncture Therapy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adult
  • Biofeedback, Psychology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Manipulation, Chiropractic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Manipulation, Osteopathic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Military Facilities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
  • Population Surveillance
  • United States
  • Young Adult