Mental disorder in youth suicide. DSM-III-R Axes I and II

Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1989 May;79(5):490-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1989.tb10292.x.


A 3-year urban material of suicides in adolescents and young adults (age 15-29 years) was studied retrospectively by means of interviews with survivors (n = 58). Classification of mental disorders according to DSM-III-R showed that major depression was important as background to suicides in 41%, primary (22%) or secondary (19%) to other disorders. Adding major depression, depressive disorder, not otherwise specified, dysthymia and adjustment disorder with depressed mood gave a total of 64% depressive syndromes. Schizophrenia (14%) and borderline personality disorder (28%) constituted other relevant groups. Coexisting substance use disorder occurred in 47%. A majority of the subjects (72%) were known by psychiatric caregivers and 16% committed suicide during inpatient care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adjustment Disorders / psychology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Borderline Personality Disorder / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Risk Factors
  • Schizophrenic Psychology
  • Suicide / psychology*
  • Suicide, Attempted / psychology
  • Sweden