The immunotherapy era of myeloma: monoclonal antibodies, vaccines, and adoptive T-cell therapies

Blood. 2016 Sep 29;128(13):1679-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2016-05-636357. Epub 2016 Aug 9.


The treatment of multiple myeloma has evolved significantly over the last decades from primarily alkylator-based chemotherapeutic agents with minimal efficacy to the introduction of more effective agents including immune modulators and proteasome inhibitors, which have changed the landscape of therapy for this disease. We are now entering a new era that will increasingly integrate immunotherapy into standard treatment. This review discusses the current immune-based strategies currently approved, as well as various immune approaches being actively investigated including monoclonal antibodies, checkpoint inhibitors, vaccines, and adoptive T-cell therapies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
  • Cancer Vaccines / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Immune Tolerance
  • Immunotherapy / methods*
  • Immunotherapy / trends
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive / methods
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive / trends
  • Multiple Myeloma / immunology*
  • Multiple Myeloma / therapy*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Cancer Vaccines