A case-control study of pancreatic cancer and cigarettes, alcohol, coffee and diet

Am J Public Health. 1989 Aug;79(8):1016-9. doi: 10.2105/ajph.79.8.1016.

Abstract

A pancreatic cancer case-control study was conducted in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. Family members were interviewed about the subject's usage of cigarettes, alcohol, coffee, and other dietary factors in the two years prior to death (cases, n = 212) or prior to interview (controls, n = 220). The adjusted odds ratio for two packs or more of cigarettes per day was 3.92 (95% CI = 1.18, 13.01) and four or more drinks per day OR 2.69 (95% CI = 1.00, 7.27). Coffee was not a risk factor (seven cups or more per day; OR 0.58 (95% CI = 0.27, 1.27). A positive trend was observed for beef and pork consumption, and a negative trend from cruciferous vegetables.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alcohol Drinking*
  • Coffee / adverse effects*
  • Diet / adverse effects*
  • Dietary Fats / adverse effects
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Minnesota
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Smoking / adverse effects*

Substances

  • Coffee
  • Dietary Fats