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, 34 (11), 2155-63

The Association Between Blood Pressure and Lipid Levels in Europe: European Study on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention and Management in Usual Daily Practice

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The Association Between Blood Pressure and Lipid Levels in Europe: European Study on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention and Management in Usual Daily Practice

Claudio Borghi et al. J Hypertens.

Abstract

Objectives: Several studies have suggested a positive association between serum lipid levels and blood pressure (BP). This study investigated this association in a large population from 12 European countries.

Methods: Data were taken from the European Study on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention and Management in Usual Daily Practice (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00882336). Associations between BP and lipid levels in patients free from cardiovascular disease and with at least one major cardiovascular disease risk factor (N = 7641) were assessed using linear regression analyses.

Results: Overall, 72.8 and 64.8% of patients had hypertension and dyslipidaemia, respectively; 47.0% had both conditions. Regression coefficients (95% confidence interval) for the associations of LDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, total cholesterol and apolipoprotein B levels with SBP, adjusted for age, sex and BMI, were 0.93 mmHg/mmol per l (0.54-1.31), 1.07 mmHg/mmol per l (0.73-1.40), 1.02 mmHg/mmol per l (0.69-1.35) and 4.94 mmHg/g per l (3.43-6.46), respectively. The corresponding values (95% confidence interval) for the associations with DBP were 0.96 mmHg/mmol per l (0.73-1.19), 0.95 mmHg/mmol per l (0.75-1.15), 0.87 mmHg/mmol per l (0.67-1.07) and 4.33 mmHg/g per l (3.42-5.23), respectively. Most of these associations remained significant whether patients were treated with statins or not.

Conclusion: Small but statistically significant associations between lipid levels and BP were observed in a large, multinational European population. Further research is warranted to assess the causality of this association and its implications on the management of patients with both hypertension and dyslipidaemia.

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