Take a Trip Through the Plant and Fungal Transportome of Mycorrhiza

Trends Plant Sci. 2016 Nov;21(11):937-950. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2016.07.010. Epub 2016 Aug 8.


Soil nutrient acquisition and exchanges through symbiotic plant-fungus interactions in the rhizosphere are key features for the current agricultural and environmental challenges. Improved crop yield and plant mineral nutrition through a fungal symbiont has been widely described. In return, the host plant supplies carbon substrates to its fungal partner. We review here recent progress on molecular players of membrane transport involved in nutritional exchanges between mycorrhizal plants and fungi. We cover the transportome, from the transport proteins involved in sugar fluxes from plants towards fungi, to the uptake from the soil and exchange of nitrogen, phosphate, potassium, sulfate, and water. Together, these advances in the comprehension of the mycorrhizal transportome will help in developing the future engineering of new agro-ecological systems.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Biological Transport / genetics
  • Biological Transport / physiology
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mycorrhizae / metabolism*
  • Mycorrhizae / physiology*
  • Plants / metabolism*
  • Plants / microbiology*
  • Symbiosis / genetics
  • Symbiosis / physiology


  • Membrane Transport Proteins