Hand Hygiene: An Update

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2016 Sep;30(3):591-607. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2016.04.007.


The medical field has long recognized the importance of hand hygiene in preventing health care-associated infections, yet studies indicate that this important task is performed only 40% of the time. Health care workers cite several barriers to optimal performance of hand hygiene, but the time required to perform this task is foremost among them. Introduction of alcohol-based hand rubs, bundled interventions, and incorporation of technologies designed to monitor and promote hand hygiene all represent promising advances in this field.

Keywords: Alcohol-based hand rub; Hand hygiene; Handwashing; Health care-associated infections.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohols / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / therapeutic use
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Hand Disinfection*
  • Hand Hygiene*
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / methods*


  • Alcohols
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local