Orbital exenteration in surgery of malignant neoplasms of the paranasal sinuses. The value of preoperative computed tomography

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1989 Aug;115(8):977-80. doi: 10.1001/archotol.1989.01860320087024.


The extension of paranasal sinus malignant neoplasms into the orbit presents one of the arguments for carrying out orbital exenteration. One method of assessing the extension is computed tomography (CT), but its reliability is still questionable. Therefore, the preoperative CT images were compared with the pathoanatomic features of the surgical specimens in 15 patients who underwent orbital exenteration as part of a procedure for paranasal sinus malignant neoplasm. Ophthalmic symptoms were present in eight patients and in each instance the CT images documented the extension of the tumor accurately. In only four of seven patients without ophthalmic symptoms did CT scanning appear to match the factual situation. Apparently CT scanning is not always reliable in patients without ophthalmic symptoms.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures
  • Orbit / diagnostic imaging
  • Orbit / pathology
  • Orbit / surgery*
  • Orbital Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • Orbital Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / pathology
  • Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Preoperative Care*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*