Plasmonic Circuit Theory for Multiresonant Light Funneling to a Single Spatial Hot Spot

Nano Lett. 2016 Sep 14;16(9):5764-9. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02474. Epub 2016 Aug 22.


We present a theoretical framework, based on plasmonic circuit models, for generating a multiresonant field intensity enhancement spectrum at a single "hot spot" in a plasmonic device. We introduce a circuit model, consisting of an array of coupled LC resonators, that directs current asymmetrically in the array, and we show that this circuit can funnel energy efficiently from each resonance to a single element. We implement the circuit model in a plasmonic nanostructure consisting of a series of metal bars of differing length, with nearest neighbor metal bars strongly coupled electromagnetically through air gaps. The resulting nanostructure resonantly traps different wavelengths of incident light in separate gap regions, yet it funnels the energy of different resonances to a common location, which is consistent with our circuit model. Our work is important for a number of applications of plasmonic nanoantennas in spectroscopy, such as in single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy or Raman spectroscopy.

Keywords: Plasmonics; circuit model; field intensity enhancement; hot spot; multiple resonances; nanoantenna.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't