Exercise-induced Ventricular Tachycardia/Ventricular Fibrillation in the Normal Heart: Risk Stratification and Management

Card Electrophysiol Clin. 2016 Sep;8(3):593-600. doi: 10.1016/j.ccep.2016.04.008. Epub 2016 Jun 18.

Abstract

Exercise-induced ventricular tachycardia (VT) rarely occurs in the absence of organic heart disease. Idiopathic monomorphic VT has an excellent prognosis. The main aspect of the risk stratification process is recognizing subtle forms of organic heart disease, particularly arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Exercise-induced polymorphic VT is potentially malignant. Exercise-induced polymorphic VT has also been seen in mitral valve prolapse. Some patients with stable coronary disease, and even healthy athletes, sometimes have short bursts of polymorphic VT during exercise tests but these arrhythmias are usually not reproducible during repeated testing and have unknown long-term clinical significance.

Keywords: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy; Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia; Exercise; Mitral valve prolapse; Ventricular fibrillation; Ventricular tachycardia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia
  • Exercise*
  • Heart / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse
  • Risk
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular*
  • Ventricular Fibrillation*