Lens transcriptome profile during cataract development in Mip-null mice

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016 Sep 16;478(2):988-93. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.08.068. Epub 2016 Aug 12.


Major intrinsic protein or aquaporin-0 (MIP/AQP0) functions as a water channel and a cell-junction molecule in the vertebrate eye lens. Loss of MIP function in the lens leads to degraded optical quality and cataract formation by pathogenic mechanisms that are unclear. Here we have used microarray-hybridization analysis to detect lens transcriptome changes during cataract formation in mice that are functionally null for MIP (Mip-/-). In newborn Mip-/- lenses (P1) 11 genes were up-regulated and 18 were down-regulated (>2-fold, p=<0.05) and a similar number of genes was differentially regulated at P7. The most up-regulated genes (>6-fold) in the Mip-/- lens at P1 included those coding for a mitochondrial translocase (Timmdc1), a matrix metallopeptidase (Mmp2), a Rho GTPase-interacting protein (Ubxn11) and a transcription factor (Twist2). Apart from Mip, the most down-regulated genes (>4-fold) in the Mip-/- lens at P1 included those coding for a proteasome sub-unit (Psmd8), a ribonuclease (Pop4), and a heat-shock protein (Hspb1). Lens fiber cell degeneration in the Mip-/- lens was associated with increased numbers of TUNEL-positive cell nuclei and dramatically elevated levels of calpain-mediated proteolysis of αII-spectrin. However red-ox status, measured by glutathione and free-radical levels, was similar to that of wild-type. These data suggest that while relatively few genes (∼1.5% of the transcriptome) were differentially regulated >2-fold in the Mip-/- lens, calpain hyper-activation acts as a terminal pathogenic event during lens fiber cell death and cataract formation.

Keywords: Aquaporin-0; Calpain; Cataract; Hspb1; Lens; Transcriptome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aquaporins / deficiency*
  • Aquaporins / metabolism
  • Calpain / metabolism
  • Cataract / genetics*
  • Cell Death
  • DNA Fragmentation
  • Eye Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Immunoblotting
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling
  • Lens, Crystalline / metabolism*
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Phenotype
  • Transcriptome / genetics*


  • Aquaporins
  • Eye Proteins
  • aquaporin 0
  • Calpain