Selective delivery of doxorubicin by novel stimuli-sensitive nano-ferritins overcomes tumor refractoriness

J Control Release. 2016 Oct 10;239:10-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2016.08.010. Epub 2016 Aug 12.


Human ferritin heavy chain (HFt) has been demonstrated to possess considerable potential for targeted delivery of drugs and diagnostic agents to cancer cells. Here, we report the development of a novel HFt-based genetic construct (HFt-MP-PAS) containing a short peptide linker (MP) between each HFt subunit and an outer shielding polypeptide sequence rich in proline (P), serine (S) and alanine (A) residues (PAS). The peptide linker contains a matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs) cleavage site that permits the protective PAS shield to be removed by tumor-driven proteolytic cleavage within the tumor microenvironment. For the first time HFt-MP-PAS ability to deliver doxorubicin to cancer cells, subcellular localization, and therapeutic efficacy on a xenogeneic mouse model of a highly refractory to conventional chemotherapeutics type of cancer were evaluated. HFt-MP-PAS-DOXO performance was compared with the novel albumin-based drug delivery system INNO-206, currently in phase III clinical trials. The results of this work provide solid evidence indicating that the stimuli-sensitive, long-circulating HFt-MP-PAS nanocarriers described herein have the potential to be exploited in cancer therapy.

Keywords: Doxorubicin (PubChem CID: 31703); Drug-delivery; Ferritin; INNO-206 (PubChem CID: 9810709); Nuclear localization; PASylation; Pancreatic cancer; Protein-cage nanocarrier.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage
  • Apoferritins / administration & dosage*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Doxorubicin / administration & dosage*
  • Drug Carriers / administration & dosage
  • Drug Delivery Systems / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Nanoparticles / administration & dosage*
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays / methods


  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Drug Carriers
  • Doxorubicin
  • Apoferritins