Fruit and Vegetable, Fat, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Low-Income Mothers Living in Neighborhoods With Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education

J Nutr Educ Behav. 2016 Nov-Dec;48(10):683-690.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2016.07.002. Epub 2016 Aug 12.


Objective: To examine among low-income mothers the consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV), high-fat foods, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and overall diet quality in relation to levels of reach of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) interventions across 2,907 California census tracts.

Design: Cross-sectional telephone survey conducted from April through October, 2014 using the Automated Self-administered 24-Hour Recall dietary assessment.

Participants: Mothers or primary caregivers (n = 6,355) from randomly selected SNAP households. The sample was 42.6% Latina, 25.5% white, and 17.6% African American. The response rate was 60.5%.

Main outcome measures: Cups of FV; calories from high-fat foods; and cups of SSBs, overall and from items purchased from fast-food restaurants. Overall diet quality was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index-2010.

Analysis: Linear regression controlling for race/ethnicity and education, with significance at P ≤ .05.

Results: Mothers from high SNAP-Ed reach census tracts ate more cups of FV, consumed fewer calories from high-fat foods, and drank fewer cups of SSBs. Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores did not vary by levels of SNAP-Ed reach.

Conclusions and implications: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education interventions are related to increased intake of FV and decreased consumption of high-fat foods and SSBs, but not overall diet quality. Future studies should include assessment of physical activity to investigate caloric balance in association with levels of SNAP-Ed interventions.

Keywords: 24-hour recall; SNAP-Ed; ecological; fat; fruit; mother; nutrition education; sugar-sweetened beverage; vegetable.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Beverages
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data*
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Food Assistance*
  • Fruit
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Mothers / statistics & numerical data*
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Poverty*
  • Vegetables