Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery: Importance of Patient's Selection and Preoperative Workup

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2017 Feb;27(2):101-105. doi: 10.1089/lap.2016.0322. Epub 2016 Aug 16.

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) is an excellent option for patients with symptoms refractory to medical treatment, for patients who have complications secondary to the use of proton pump inhibitors, and for those who do not want to take medications for a long period of time.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that (1) LARS has excellent outcomes if a complete preoperative workup and proper patient selection are performed and (2) recurrent symptoms often are not due to failure of the fundoplication to control the pathologic reflux.

Patients and methods: Every patient referred for antireflux surgery underwent a detailed symptomatic evaluation, barium swallow, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), high-resolution manometry (HRM), and pH monitoring. A fundoplication was performed in all of them. Data were analyzed to determine outcomes across 8 years.

Results: From 2008 to 2016, 176 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) underwent LARS. One hundred and thirty-four patients (76.1%) had a total fundoplication, 31 (17.6%) had an anterior partial fundoplication, and 11 (6.3%) had a posterior partial fundoplication. Thirty-nine patients (22.2%) referred persistent or recurrent symptoms after the procedure and underwent EGD, HRM, and pH monitoring. Abnormal reflux was documented in 5 patients (2.8%). Among these failures, 3 patients had a body mass index (BMI) ≥30 and 2 had ≥35.

Conclusions: The results of this study showed that (1) laparoscopic fundoplication is an effective procedure for GERD; (2) patient's BMI can affect the outcome of a fundoplication; and (3) pH monitoring is important to establish if recurrent symptoms are secondary to failure of the operation.

Keywords: achalasia; ambulatory pH monitoring; esophageal manometry; esophagitis; gastroesophageal reflux disease; heartburn.

MeSH terms

  • Body Mass Index
  • Esophageal pH Monitoring
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Fundoplication / methods*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnostic imaging
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / physiopathology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Male
  • Manometry
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Selection*
  • Recurrence
  • Treatment Outcome