Problem-solving strategies in dementia patient-caregiver dyads

Gerontologist. 1989 Apr;29(2):156-8. doi: 10.1093/geront/29.2.156.


Examined was the applicability of concepts of the zone of proximal development and scaffolding to the study of dementia. Caregiver-patient dyads were compared to normal elderly dyads in the instructional strategies they used to complete the Block Design subtest of the WAIS-R. Shown by the results was that the use of a detailed behavioral coding scheme was successful in documenting systematic differences between the two groups. Potential use in assessment and intervention is discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cognition
  • Dementia / psychology*
  • Female
  • Home Nursing / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Paired-Associate Learning
  • Problem Solving*
  • Program Evaluation