Comparison of Dietary Quality Among Puerto Ricans Living in Massachusetts and Puerto Rico

J Immigr Minor Health. 2017 Apr;19(2):494-498. doi: 10.1007/s10903-016-0480-5.


Puerto Ricans are burdened by nutrition-related diseases, with greater disease prevalence among Puerto Ricans residing in the continental U.S. compared to those in Puerto Rico (PR). However, little is known about diet quality of these two groups. To compare diet quality of Puerto Ricans in Massachusetts (MA) and PR. Puerto Rican patients from health centers in MA (n = 42) and PR (n = 52) completed a food frequency questionnaire. Diet quality was assessed with the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI). Analysis included Mann-Whitney, Chi square and logistic and quantile regressions. 57.1 % of participants in MA and 19.6 % in PR had a poor diet. Adjusting for age and education, participants in MA were more likely to have a poor diet (OR 3.4; p = 0.02) and lower HEI scores than participants in PR. Diet quality among Puerto Ricans is poor, and is worse among mainland Puerto Ricans compared to islanders.

Keywords: Diet quality; Healthy Eating Index; Latino; Puerto Ricans.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Diet / ethnology*
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Massachusetts / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Puerto Rico / ethnology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult