Sol narae (Sona) is a Drosophila ADAMTS involved in Wg signaling

Sci Rep. 2016 Aug 18;6:31863. doi: 10.1038/srep31863.

Abstract

ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteases with thrombospondin motif) family consists of secreted proteases, and is shown to cleave extracellular matrix proteins. Their malfunctions result in cancers and disorders in connective tissues. We report here that a Drosophila ADAMTS named Sol narae (Sona) promotes Wnt/Wingless (Wg) signaling. sona loss-of-function mutants are lethal and rare escapers had malformed appendages, indicating that sona is essential for fly development and survival. sona exhibited positive genetic interaction with wntless (wls) that encodes a cargo protein for Wg. Loss of sona decreased the level of extracellular Wg, and also reduced the expression level of Wg effector proteins such as Senseless (Sens), Distalless (Dll) and Vestigial (Vg). Sona and Wg colocalized in Golgi and endosomal vesicles, and were in the same protein complex. Furthermore, co-expression of Wg and Sona generated ectopic wing margin bristles. This study suggests that Sona is involved in Wg signaling by regulating the level of extracellular Wg.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ADAMTS Proteins / genetics
  • ADAMTS Proteins / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / metabolism*
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Gene Expression Regulation / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Wnt1 Protein / genetics
  • Wnt1 Protein / metabolism*

Substances

  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Wnt1 Protein
  • wg protein, Drosophila
  • ADAMTS Proteins