Pathogenic mtDNA mutations causing mitochondrial myopathy: The need for muscle biopsy

Neurol Genet. 2016 Jun 23;2(4):e82. doi: 10.1212/NXG.0000000000000082. eCollection 2016 Aug.


Pathogenic mitochondrial tRNA (mt-tRNA) gene mutations represent a prominent cause of primary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-related disease despite accounting for only 5%-10% of the mitochondrial genome.(1,2) Although some common mt-tRNA mutations, such as the m.3243A>G mutation, exist, the majority are rare and have been reported in only a small number of cases.(3) The MT-TP gene, encoding mt-tRNA(Pro), is one of the less polymorphic mt-tRNA genes, and only 5 MT-TP mutations have been reported as a cause of mitochondrial muscle disease to date (table e-1 at, P6-10). We report 5 patients with myopathic phenotypes, each harboring different pathogenic mutations in the MT-TP gene, highlighting the importance of MT-TP mutations as a cause of mitochondrial muscle disease and the requirement to study clinically relevant tissue.