Nutritional Status and Diet in Cancer Prevention

Semin Oncol Nurs. 2016 Aug;32(3):206-14. doi: 10.1016/j.soncn.2016.05.004. Epub 2016 Jul 29.


Objectives: To discuss the relationship between weight management and diet and cancer prevention, current nutritional guidelines, and evidence-based strategies to reduce cancer risk.

Data sources: Current nutritional guidelines, journal articles published between 2012 and 2015, and internet resources.

Conclusion: Evidence indicates that attaining and/or maintaining a healthy weight and adopting a diet that is primarily plant-based, low in red and processed meats, simple sugars, and refined carbohydrates, limits alcohol, and relies on food for nutrients can aid in preventing cancer.

Implications for nursing practice: Nurses can take the lead to educate patients and families about weight management and diet and to promote adherence to nutritional guidelines.

Keywords: cancer prevention; diet; interventions; nutrition; obesity.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Diet / adverse effects*
  • Guidelines as Topic*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Nurse's Role*
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Oncology Nursing / methods*