Efficacy and stability of wettable powder amitraz in field and laboratory studies against Boophilus annulatus (Acari: Ixodidae) in south Texas

J Econ Entomol. 1989 Jun;82(3):850-3. doi: 10.1093/jee/82.3.850.


A study was done at the USDA-ARS, Cattle Fever Tick Research Laboratory, Mission, Tex., to determine the efficacy of a 50% wettable powder (WP) amitraz formulation applied as a whole-body spray in a standard dip vat, and in a laboratory bioassay against Boophilus annulatus (Say) on cattle. A study also was done at the King Ranch in Kleberg County, Tex., to determine the stability of 50% WP amitraz in a dip vat under South Texas conditions Cattle were infested with all parasitic life stages of B. annulatus and were sprayed or dipped with a concentration of 0.025% amitraz. As determined by calculations of the index of reproduction, the whole-body spray treatment provided 86% control of the ticks and the dip treatment provided 99.8% control. Laboratory bioassay results compared favorably with those obtained with the dip vat treatment. Amitraz WP settled very rapidly in the freshly charged ranch vat. However, as more cattle were dipped and the vat became polluted with dirt and excrement, settling occurred much more slowly. Overall, amitraz remained stable in the vat during the test period.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Aerosols
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Insecticides / administration & dosage*
  • Texas
  • Tick Infestations / drug therapy
  • Tick Infestations / veterinary*
  • Ticks
  • Toluidines / administration & dosage*


  • Aerosols
  • Insecticides
  • Toluidines
  • amitraz