The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders with over 50 known causative genes. We identified a recurrent mutation in KCNA2 (c.881G>A, p.R294H), encoding the voltage-gated K(+) -channel, KV 1.2, in two unrelated families with HSP, intellectual disability (ID), and ataxia. Follow-up analysis of > 2,000 patients with various neurological phenotypes identified a de novo p.R294H mutation in a proband with ataxia and ID. Two-electrode voltage-clamp recordings of Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing mutant KV 1.2 channels showed loss of function with a dominant-negative effect. Our findings highlight the phenotypic spectrum of a recurrent KCNA2 mutation, implicating ion channel dysfunction as a novel HSP disease mechanism. Ann Neurol 2016.
© 2016 The Authors Annals of Neurology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Neurological Association.