Dietary patterns associated with body mass index (BMI) and lifestyle in Mexican adolescents

BMC Public Health. 2016 Aug 22;16(1):850. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3527-6.


Background: The objetive in this study is to determine the relationship between dietary patterns, BMI, type 2 diabetes mellitus family history (T2DMFH) and some lifestyle variables such as smoking and skipping breakfast in a Mexican adolescent population.

Methods: Cross-sectional, observational, analytical study.Subjetcts: 14-16 years old male and female adolescents (n 373). A previously validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used and dietary patterns were derived using principal component analysis (PCA). Scores for dietary patterns were categorized by tertiles.

Results: Three major dietary patterns that explained 47 % of variance were found: westernized, high in protein/fat and prudent pattern. Subjects at the highest tertile of prudent pattern had lower BMI. And was also associated with less T2DMFH and less smoking habit when compared with the lowest tertile. We found a positive correlation between BMI and high scores for westernized and high in protein/fat pattern

Conclusions: Dietary patterns of adolescents are a public health concern because there is a direct association between inadequate diet at this early age and obesity.

Keywords: Adolescence; BMI; Dietary patterns; Lifestyle habits.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Male
  • Mexico
  • Pediatric Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Surveys and Questionnaires