Mitral valve prolapse in endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is an unusual entity. Literature search reveals only 1 report of mitral valve prolapse assosiated with EMF. A 32-year-old woman, of African origin, who presented with features of right heart failure, was diagnosed to have mitral valve prolapse of rheumatic origin with severe mitral regurgitation and severe pulmonary hypertension (PAH). Intraoperative findings lead to the diagnosis of EMF. We report this rare case of mitral valve prolapse in EMF, in a geographical area where rheumatic heart disease is endemic, to showcase how a rare manifestation of EMF can be misdiagnosed as that of rheumatic heart disease.
Copyright © 2016 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.