Aim: To investigate short- and long-term outcomes in women undergoing cesarean myomectomy (CM).
Methods: This was a retrospective study that explored short-term outcomes of women, who underwent cesarean operations with or without myomectomies (CM controls) in a single tertiary center throughout a 6-year-period. For long-term outcomes, the mean duration of follow-up was 6.3 ± 1.0 years.
Results: There were no differences among the CM (n= 91) and control groups (n = 60) considering mean change in hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, hemorrhage, as well as requirement for blood transfusions with a slightly increased operative time. Multiple myomas, and cervical and cornual localization were associated with an increased drop of hemoglobin and hematocrit (p < 0.05). Subsequent pregnancy and recurrence rates were 35% (32/91) and 5.5% (5/91), respectively. Preterm delivery (n = 1, 3.1%), uterine dehiscence (n = 1, 3.1%), placenta previa (n = 1, 3.1%) and mild-to-severe post-CM adhesions (n = 8, 25%) were observed in subsequent pregnancies. Recurrence was identified in five of the nonpregnant (5.5%) women, and three of these (4.1%) underwent an additional major surgery. There was no recurrence in subsequent pregnancies.
Conclusion: The recurrence of myoma was relatively low following CM. Subsequent pregnancy is protective for recurrence of myoma without increased adhesion formation and obstetric complications.
Keywords: Cesarean section; complication; myomectomy; outcome; pregnancy.