The Prognostic Value of FET PET at Radiotherapy Planning in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2017 Mar;44(3):373-381. doi: 10.1007/s00259-016-3494-2. Epub 2016 Aug 23.

Abstract

Background: Glioblastoma patients show a great variability in progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). To gain additional pretherapeutic information, we explored the potential of O-(2-18F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine (FET) PET as an independent prognostic biomarker.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 146 consecutively treated, newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients. All patients were treated with temozolomide and radiation therapy (RT). CT/MR and FET PET scans were obtained postoperatively for RT planning. We used Cox proportional hazards models with OS and PFS as endpoints, to test the prognostic value of FET PET biological tumor volume (BTV).

Results: Median follow-up time was 14 months, and median OS and PFS were 16.5 and 6.5 months, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, increasing BTV (HR = 1.17, P < 0.001), poor performance status (HR = 2.35, P < 0.001), O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase protein status (HR = 1.61, P = 0.024) and higher age (HR = 1.32, P = 0.013) were independent prognostic factors of poor OS. For poor PFS, only increasing BTV (HR = 1.18; P = 0.002) was prognostic. A prognostic index for OS was created based on the identified prognostic factors.

Conclusion: Large BTV on FET PET is an independent prognostic factor of poor OS and PFS in glioblastoma patients. With the introduction of FET PET, we obtain a prognostic index that can help in glioblastoma treatment planning.

Keywords: Biomarker; FET PET; Glioblastoma; Prognostic index; Radiation therapy.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Female
  • Glioblastoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Glioblastoma / radiotherapy
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Positron-Emission Tomography*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Radiopharmaceuticals*
  • Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives*

Substances

  • O-(2-fluoroethyl)tyrosine
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Tyrosine