Why Is the One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design Still Used?

Clin Nurs Res. 2016 Oct;25(5):467-72. doi: 10.1177/1054773816666280. Epub 2016 Aug 24.


The one-group pretest-posttest pre-experimental design has been widely criticized, yet continues to be used in some clinical nursing research studies. This editorial explains what is wrong with the design, suggests reasons for its continued use, and gives some recommendations regarding what can be done about it.

Keywords: causality; experimental design; graduate education.

Publication types

  • Editorial

MeSH terms

  • Education, Nursing, Graduate
  • Humans
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Nursing Research*
  • Research Design*