Intracultural accusations of assimilation and alcohol use severity among Hispanic emerging adults: Moderating effects of acculturation, enculturation, and gender

Psychol Addict Behav. 2016 Dec;30(8):850-856. doi: 10.1037/adb0000206. Epub 2016 Aug 25.

Abstract

Individuals, including Hispanics, tend to drink most heavily during emerging adulthood (ages 18-25 years old). Research has suggested that intercultural stressors (e.g., ethnic discrimination) may increase levels of alcohol use among Hispanics. However, the relationship between intracultural stressors (e.g., accusations of assimilation-when Hispanics accuse a member of their heritage group of acculturating to U.S. culture) and alcohol use has been examined to a lesser extent. Accordingly, the present study aimed to (a) examine the association between family accusations of assimilation and alcohol use severity; and (b) examine if acculturation domains, enculturation domains, and gender moderated that association. A hierarchical multiple regression and moderation analyses were conducted on a cross-sectional sample of 181 Hispanic emerging adults. Results indicated that higher family accusations of assimilation were associated with higher levels of alcohol use severity (β = .18, p < .05), and all variables entered in the model accounted for ΔR2 = 15.1% of the variance of alcohol use severity. A moderation analysis indicated that higher family accusations of assimilation were associated with higher alcohol use severity among men, but not women. Of the four acculturation/enculturation domains, none had a moderation effect. However, there was a statistically significant three-way interaction among family accusations of assimilation, gender, and affective enculturation. This three-way interaction suggests that among men, higher family accusations of assimilation were associated with higher alcohol use severity at lower levels of affective enculturation. This study addresses a literature gap on intracultural stressors and substance use among Hispanics, and discusses recommendations for future research. (PsycINFO Database Record

MeSH terms

  • Acculturation*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking / ethnology
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
  • Alcoholism / diagnosis
  • Alcoholism / ethnology
  • Alcoholism / psychology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Culture
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Factors
  • Stress, Psychological / ethnology
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Young Adult