Fabric phase sorptive extraction: An innovative sample preparation approach applied to the analysis of specific migration from food packaging

Anal Chim Acta. 2016 Sep 14;936:97-107. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2016.06.049. Epub 2016 Jul 2.

Abstract

Additives added to food packaging materials can migrate to food in contact with them during storage and shelf life. A novel simple, fast and sensitive analyte extraction method based on fabric phase sorptive extraction (FPSE), followed by analysis using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry detection (UPLC-MS) was applied to the analysis of 18 common non-volatile plastic additives. Three FPSE media coated with different sol-gel sorbents characterized with different polarities including sol-gel poly(dimethylsiloxane), sol-gel poly(ethylene glycol) and sol-gel poly(tetrahydrofuran) were studied. All three FPSE media showed very satisfactory results. In general, compounds with low logP values seemed to have higher enrichment factors (EFs), especially with poly(tetrahydrofuran) and poly(ethylene glycol) media. For compounds with high logP values, the use of sol-gel poly(dimethylsiloxane) improved the enrichment capacity. Sample preparation time was optimized at 20 min for sample extraction and 10 min for solvent desorption. Acetonitrile was selected as desorption solvent since recoveries were over 70% for 13 out of 18 selected compounds in all FPSE media. The best extraction recovery values were obtained when compounds were dissolved in aqueous acetic acid solution (3%), where 17 out of 18 compounds showed improvement in their signal intensity after FPSE extraction and 10 obtained enrichment factors above 3 for all the tested FPSE media. When FPSE extracts were concentrated under nitrogen, 11 out of 18 compounds reached EFs values above 100.

Keywords: Extractables and leachables; Fabric sorptive phase extraction; Food packaging; Migration; NIAS.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Food Packaging*
  • Gels / chemistry
  • Liquid Phase Microextraction*
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Polymers / chemistry*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*

Substances

  • Gels
  • Polymers
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical