Knowledge, awareness and practices towards seasonal influenza and its vaccine: implications for future vaccination campaigns in Jordan

Fam Pract. 2016 Dec;33(6):690-697. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmw086. Epub 2016 Aug 27.


Background: Influenza is an underestimated contributor to morbidity and mortality. Population knowledge regarding influenza and its vaccination has a key role in enhancing vaccination coverage.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the gaps of knowledge among Jordanian population towards influenza and its vaccine, and to identify the major determinants of accepting seasonal influenza vaccine in adults and children in Jordan.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that enrolled 941 randomly selected adults in Amman, Jordan. A four-section questionnaire was used which included questions about the sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge about influenza and the factors that affect seasonal influenza vaccine acceptance and refusal.

Results: Only 47.3% of the participants were considered knowledgeable. About half of the participants (51.9%) correctly identified the main influenza preventative measures. Lack of knowledge about the important role of seasonal influenza vaccine in disease prevention was observed. Low vaccination rate (20% of adults) was reported. The most critical barrier against vaccination in adults and children was the concern about the safety and the efficacy of the vaccine, while the most important predictors for future vaccination in adults and children were physician recommendation and government role. In children, the inclusion of the vaccine within the national immunization program was an important determinant of vaccine acceptance.

Conclusion: Formulating new strategies to improve the population's level of knowledge, assuring the population about the safety and the efficacy of the vaccine and the inclusion of the vaccine within the national immunization program are the essential factors to enhance vaccination coverage in Jordan.

Keywords: Adult immunization; Jordan; children immunization; influenza; knowledge; practice; seasonal influenza vaccine..

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Education
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs*
  • Influenza Vaccines / adverse effects
  • Influenza, Human / prevention & control*
  • Influenza, Human / transmission
  • Information Seeking Behavior
  • Jordan
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parents / psychology
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vaccination / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult


  • Influenza Vaccines