Zika Virus Disrupts Phospho-TBK1 Localization and Mitosis in Human Neuroepithelial Stem Cells and Radial Glia

Cell Rep. 2016 Sep 6;16(10):2576-2592. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.08.038. Epub 2016 Aug 24.

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying Zika virus (ZIKV)-related microcephaly and other neurodevelopment defects remain poorly understood. Here, we describe the derivation and characterization, including single-cell RNA-seq, of neocortical and spinal cord neuroepithelial stem (NES) cells to model early human neurodevelopment and ZIKV-related neuropathogenesis. By analyzing human NES cells, organotypic fetal brain slices, and a ZIKV-infected micrencephalic brain, we show that ZIKV infects both neocortical and spinal NES cells as well as their fetal homolog, radial glial cells (RGCs), causing disrupted mitoses, supernumerary centrosomes, structural disorganization, and cell death. ZIKV infection of NES cells and RGCs causes centrosomal depletion and mitochondrial sequestration of phospho-TBK1 during mitosis. We also found that nucleoside analogs inhibit ZIKV replication in NES cells, protecting them from ZIKV-induced pTBK1 relocalization and cell death. We established a model system of human neural stem cells to reveal cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying neurodevelopmental defects associated with ZIKV infection and its potential treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Brain / embryology
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain / virology
  • Cell Death / drug effects
  • Centrosome / drug effects
  • Centrosome / metabolism
  • Fetus / virology
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate / drug effects
  • Microcephaly / pathology
  • Microcephaly / virology
  • Mitochondria / drug effects
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Mitosis* / drug effects
  • Neocortex / pathology
  • Neural Stem Cells / enzymology*
  • Neural Stem Cells / immunology
  • Neural Stem Cells / ultrastructure
  • Neural Stem Cells / virology*
  • Neuroepithelial Cells / drug effects
  • Neuroepithelial Cells / immunology
  • Neuroepithelial Cells / ultrastructure
  • Neuroepithelial Cells / virology*
  • Neuroglia / pathology
  • Neuroglia / ultrastructure
  • Neuroglia / virology*
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / pathology
  • Neurons / virology
  • Neuroprotective Agents / pharmacology
  • Nucleosides / pharmacology
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Spinal Cord / pathology
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
  • Virus Replication / drug effects
  • Zika Virus / drug effects
  • Zika Virus / pathogenicity*
  • Zika Virus / physiology
  • Zika Virus / ultrastructure
  • Zika Virus Infection / pathology
  • Zika Virus Infection / virology

Substances

  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Nucleosides
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • TYRO3 protein, human
  • axl receptor tyrosine kinase
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • TBK1 protein, human