Identification of Dictyostelium discoideum plasma membrane proteins by cell surface labeling and quantitative two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

Anal Biochem. 1989 May 15;179(1):37-49. doi: 10.1016/0003-2697(89)90197-8.

Abstract

Plasma membrane proteins of the cellular slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum were characterized by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using a variety of labeling techniques and a microcomputer-based videodensitometer. Algorithms for the determination of molecular weights and isoelectric points were developed to aid in the comparison of polypeptides from different autoradiographs, Coomassie blue-stained gels, and Western blots. Cell homogenates were compared to plasma membranes isolated by a silica density perturbation technique and to cytoskeletons obtained by nonionic detergent extraction. Plasma membrane proteins were distinguished from subcellular contaminants by lactoperoxidase-catalyzed radioiodination, by selective labeling with N-hydroxysuccinimidyl-2-iminobiotin, and by quantitatively determining the enrichments of individual polypeptides from gels of plasma membrane proteins relative to their counterparts in gels of total cell lysate proteins. In contrast to defining plasma membrane purity by measuring a representative marker enzyme activity, the quantitative two-dimensional gel analysis strategy presented allowed for a rigorous evaluation of the enrichments of all detectable polypeptides in the subcellular fraction. Quantitative two-dimensional gel analysis avoided problems encountered with marker enzyme activation or inhibition during subcellular fractionation as enrichments were based solely on polypeptide amounts. It was also capable of identifying a wider spectrum of plasma membrane proteins than any of the labeling techniques employed in this study. A high resolution two-dimensional gel catalog was generated containing information about plasma membrane protein orientation in the bilayer, association with the cytoskeleton, phosphorylation state, glycosylation state, copy number, isoelectric point, and molecular weight.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cytoskeleton / analysis
  • Densitometry
  • Dictyostelium / analysis*
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Fungal Proteins / analysis*
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glycoproteins / analysis
  • Isoelectric Focusing
  • Membrane Proteins / analysis*
  • Molecular Weight
  • Phosphorylation

Substances

  • Fungal Proteins
  • Glycoproteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Glucose