Epidemiological survey of intentional poisoning suicide during 1993-2013 in Ilam Province, Iran

BMC Public Health. 2016 Aug 30;16(1):902. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3585-9.


Background: Suicide is an important social tragic phenomenon which occurs by different tools or methods in different communities. Considering deliberate poisoning as a common and important method in Ilam province for suicide, the present study was launched to epidemiologically assess committing suicide in Ilam province, Iran, based on intentional poisoning.

Methods: By a retrospective study, all the recorded data associated with intentional poisoning suicide in Ilam Province during 1993-2013 were analyzed. All the demographic variables and the suicides' outcomes were analyzed using the Chi-Square test, and the univariate and multivariate logistic regression models.

Results: Totally, 6794 cases of suicide (annual incidence rate of 87.28/ 100, 000) associated with poisoning were evaluated. The incidence rate of suicide attempts was 84.63/ 100, 000 (94.51 in female and 74.98 in male) and the incidence rate of completed suicide was 2.17/ 100, 000 (1.94 in female and 2.40 in male). Also, the highest rates of attempted and completed suicide (annual incidence rate of 172.42 and 4.14, respectively) were attributed to the age group of 15-24 year.

Conclusion: Females had a greater tendency to commit suicide by poisoning, and the lower level of education, the age group of 15-24 years and single individuals were more associated with suicide using poisonings. The incidence of attempted suicide in females and completed suicide in males was higher in this method. Considering the high rate of suicide by poisoning, further attention and supervision on the sale and reserve of drugs and poisons is necessary. Meanwhile, it seems that due to momentary emotions during the pubertal stage, the risk of committing suicide is increased especially among unemployed individuals; therefore, performing an extensive psychotherapy intervention is needed in the societies with younger populations.

Keywords: Ilam; Intentional poisoning; Iran; Method of suicide; Suicide.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Intention*
  • Iran / epidemiology
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Poisoning / epidemiology
  • Poisoning / mortality*
  • Psychotherapy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data*
  • Suicide, Attempted / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Unemployment
  • Young Adult