The effects of high-dose vitamin E supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with diabetic nephropathy: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

J Clin Lipidol. Jul-Aug 2016;10(4):922-929. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2016.02.021. Epub 2016 Mar 22.

Abstract

Background: Limited data are available that evaluated the effects of high-dose vitamin E supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN).

Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of high-dose vitamin E supplementation on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with DN.

Methods: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was carried out among 60 patients with DN. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups to take either 1200 IU/d of vitamin E supplements (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks. Fasting blood samples were obtained at the onset of the study and after 12-week intervention to assess biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress.

Results: After 12 weeks of intervention, compared with the placebo, vitamin E supplementation resulted in a significant increase in serum vitamin E levels (+42.3 ± 13.4 vs -0.8 ± 0.8 nmol/mL, P < .001) and a significant decrease in urine protein (-6.8 ± 4.3 vs -1.0 ± 8.0 mg/dL, P = .001) and protein-to-creatinine ratio (-0.2 ± 0.1 vs 0.0 ± 0.1, P < .001). In addition, a significant reduction in serum tumor necrosis factor-α (-35.4 ± 34.9 vs +5.6 ± 6.2 ng/L, P < .001), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (-556.7 ± 485.9 vs +60.4 ± 53.7 ng/mL, P < .001), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (-1461.5 ± 1456.0 vs +225.7 ± 488.2 ng/L, P < .001), malondialdehyde (-0.9 ± 0.5 vs +0.3 ± 0.4 μmol/L, P < .001), advanced glycation end products (-1832.2 ± 1941.6 vs +177.3 ± 324.1 arbitrary unit, P < .001), and insulin concentrations (-0.5 ± 2.7 vs +0.7 ± 1.0 μIU/mL, P = .03) was seen after the administration of vitamin E supplements compared with the placebo. Supplementation with vitamin E had no significant effects on other biomarkers of kidney injury, fasting plasma glucose, and insulin resistance compared with the placebo.

Conclusion: Overall, our study demonstrated that oral high-dose vitamin E supplementation for 12 weeks among DN patients had favorable effects on biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress.

Keywords: Diabetic nephropathy; Inflammation; Oxidative stress; Vitamin E; supplementation.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / complications
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / metabolism*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / drug therapy
  • Kidney / drug effects*
  • Kidney / injuries
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Placebos
  • Vitamin E / pharmacology*
  • Vitamin E / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Placebos
  • Vitamin E