Scapular Winging

Shoulder Elbow. 2014 Jan;6(1):4-11. doi: 10.1111/sae.12033. Epub 2013 Jul 15.


This review explores the causes of scapula winging, with overview of the relevant anatomy, proposed aetiology and treatment. Particular focus is given to lesions of the long thoracic nerve, which is reported to be the most common aetiological factor.

Keywords: Scapular winging; long thoracic nerve; rhomboids; serratus anterior; trapezius.

Publication types

  • Review