Diversity of the Genes Implicated in Algerian Patients Affected by Usher Syndrome

PLoS One. 2016 Sep 1;11(9):e0161893. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161893. eCollection 2016.

Abstract

Usher syndrome (USH) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a dual sensory impairment affecting hearing and vision. USH is clinically and genetically heterogeneous. Ten different causal genes have been reported. We studied the molecular bases of the disease in 18 unrelated Algerian patients by targeted-exome sequencing, and identified the causal biallelic mutations in all of them: 16 patients carried the mutations at the homozygous state and 2 at the compound heterozygous state. Nine of the 17 different mutations detected in MYO7A (1 of 5 mutations), CDH23 (4 of 7 mutations), PCDH15 (1 mutation), USH1C (1 mutation), USH1G (1 mutation), and USH2A (1 of 2 mutations), had not been previously reported. The deleterious consequences of a missense mutation of CDH23 (p.Asp1501Asn) and the in-frame single codon deletion in USH1G (p.Ala397del) on the corresponding proteins were predicted from the solved 3D-structures of extracellular cadherin (EC) domains of cadherin-23 and the sterile alpha motif (SAM) domain of USH1G/sans, respectively. In addition, we were able to show that the USH1G mutation is likely to affect the binding interface between the SAM domain and USH1C/harmonin. This should spur the use of 3D-structures, not only of isolated protein domains, but also of protein-protein interaction interfaces, to predict the functional impact of mutations detected in the USH genes.

MeSH terms

  • Algeria
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Humans
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Usher Syndromes / genetics*

Grant support

This work was supported by grants from the Tassili Project, the Algerian government, the BNP Paribas Foundation, the ERC grant “Hair bundle” (ERC-2011-AdG 294570), ANR-15-RHUS-001 (LIGHT4DEAF), and the French LABEX LIFESENSES grant [reference ANR-10-LABX-65].