Home-Based Telemedicine in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 May;96(5):327-332. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000610.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate if a structured physician-directed, nurse-managed, home-based telemedicine (HBT) program, consisting of scheduled/unscheduled phone surveillance, can reduce pain in patients with chronic neck pain.

Design: This is a prospective randomized controlled study conducted on outpatients. Following outpatient rehabilitation, patients (n = 100) were consecutively randomized to a 6-month HBT program (HBT group) or no HBT but only the recommendation to continue exercising at home (control group). At baseline and after 6 months, pain severity (visual analog scale) and disability (Neck Disability Index) were evaluated.

Results: At 6 months, neck pain and disability declined in both groups (P < 0.001 for both groups, both parameters), but the decline was significantly more marked in the HBT group (P = 0.001, both parameters). At 6 months, 87.2% of HBT patients and 65.9% of control subjects were performing home exercises (in the range of 2-7 exercise sessions/wk). Pain and disability scores were correlated to participation in the HBT program, patients' perception of HBT, and adherence to home exercises.

Conclusions: Home-based telemedicine may be a useful additional tool to help physicians in the management of chronic neck pain.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Pain / rehabilitation*
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Home Care Services, Hospital-Based*
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neck Pain / rehabilitation*
  • Patient Compliance
  • Prospective Studies
  • Telemedicine*
  • Visual Analog Scale