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, 60 (4), 993-1004

Modeling IQ Change: Evidence From the Texas Adoption Project


Modeling IQ Change: Evidence From the Texas Adoption Project

J C Loehlin et al. Child Dev.


An analysis of genetic and environmental contributions to intellectual change was carried out by means of a path model applied to IQ data from the Texas Adoption Project, an adoption study in which children were measured on 2 occasions approximately 10 years apart. Included in the model were assortative mating, selective placement, genotype-environment correlation, a measure of socioeconomic status, and alternative hypotheses about cross-generation environmental transmission and the persistence of a trait over time. Some form of environmental transmission across generations was necessary, but either of the 2 forms tested was sufficient. The data were best fit by considering persistence over time to occur at the level of the developed trait. The effect of both genes and family environment was significant at the time of the first measurement, but only the genes made an additional contribution between the first and the second, suggesting the necessity of revising some popular stereotypes about development.

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