Menstrual disturbances and fertility in chronic alcoholic women

Drug Alcohol Depend. 1989 Aug;24(1):75-82. doi: 10.1016/0376-8716(89)90012-4.

Abstract

Data on menstrual pattern, gynecological disorders and infertility were obtained from 51 chronic alcoholic women aged 20--42 years attending an outpatient clinic for alcoholics, using 51 randomly drawn age-matched healthy women as controls. A higher variability (P less than 0.05) in the duration of both menstrual cycle and menstrual flow was recorded in the chronic alcoholic women during active alcoholism. A higher frequency (P less than 0.05) of menstrual disturbances (70% vs. 55%) and uterine curettages (38% vs. 16%) were found in the alcoholic women. The latter reported more abortions (63% vs. 28%, P less than 0.001) and miscarriages (23% vs. 8%, P less than 0.05) than controls, but due to a higher number of pregnancies in the alcoholic group the proportion of abortions and miscarriages did not differ significantly. No differences existed between the groups regarding frequency of difficult conception. Social classification had no independent influence on the results. The study shows that chronic alcoholic women are more prone to menstrual abnormalities and are at greater risk of gynecological interventions, while they do not seem to have reduced fertility.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alcoholism / complications*
  • Female
  • Fertility / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Menstruation / drug effects*
  • Menstruation Disturbances / etiology