Oral Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14 to reduce Group B Streptococcus colonization in pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Aug;55(4):515-8. doi: 10.1016/j.tjog.2016.06.003.

Abstract

Objective: This study is to examine the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14 taken orally before bedtime on Group B Streptococcus (GBS)-positive pregnant women with respect to becoming GBS negative.

Materials and methods: In total, 110 pregnant women at 35-37 weeks of gestation who were diagnosed by GBS culture as being GBS positive for both vaginal and rectal GBS colonization were randomly assigned to be orally treated with two placebo capsules or two probiotic capsules (containing L. rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14) before bedtime until delivery. All women were tested for vaginal and rectal GBS colonization again by GBS culture on admission for delivery.

Results: Of the 110 participants, 99 completed the study (49 in the probiotic group and 50 in the placebo group). The GBS colonization results changed from positive to negative in 21 women in the probiotic group (42.9%) and in nine women in the placebo group (18.0%) during this period (Chi-square p=0.007).

Conclusion: Oral probiotic containing L. rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14 could reduce the vaginal and rectal GBS colonization rate in pregnant women.

Keywords: GBS colonization; GBS infection; intrapartum antibiotic; oral probiotics.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical / prevention & control
  • Lactobacillus reuteri*
  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Third*
  • Probiotics / therapeutic use*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Rectum / microbiology
  • Streptococcal Infections / microbiology
  • Streptococcal Infections / prevention & control
  • Streptococcal Infections / transmission
  • Streptococcus agalactiae / growth & development*
  • Vagina / microbiology