[Cervical dystonia treatment with botulin toxin]

Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2016 Aug;41(242):107-10.
[Article in Polish]


Cervical dystonia is the most common form of dystonia in adult age. It is characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that cause abnormal movements and positioning of the head and neck. Symptoms of it are often associated with pain. This distinguishes this form from other dystonia. The drug of choice is botulinum toxin. It effectively reduces both pain and abnormal excessive muscle activity. In some cases, particularly where there is not obtained the full recovery after treatment botulinum toxin we used drugs for systemic effect. To increase the effectiveness and reduce the side effects of botulinum toxin more commonly we used administration of toxin under the EMG and ultrasound control.

Keywords: EMG and ultrasound control; botulinum toxin; cervical dystonia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Botulinum Toxins / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain / drug therapy
  • Torticollis / drug therapy*


  • Botulinum Toxins