A Risk Score to Assist Selecting Lobectomy Versus Sublobar Resection for Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Dec;102(6):1814-1820. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.06.032. Epub 2016 Sep 1.


Background: The long-term survival benefit of lobectomy over sublobar resection for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer must be weighed against a potentially increased risk of perioperative mortality. The objective of the current study was to create a risk score to identify patients with favorable short-term outcomes following lobectomy.

Methods: The 2005-2012 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for patients undergoing a lobectomy or sublobar resection (either segmentectomy or wedge resection) for lung cancer. A multivariable logistic regression model was utilized to determine factors associated with 30-day mortality among the lobectomy group and to develop an associated risk score to predict perioperative mortality.

Results: Of the 5,749 patients who met study criteria, 4,424 (77%) underwent lobectomy, 1,098 (19%) underwent wedge resection, and 227 (4%) underwent segmentectomy. Age, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, previous cerebrovascular event, functional status, recent smoking status, and surgical approach (minimally invasive versus open) were utilized to develop the risk score. Patients with a risk score of 5 or lower had no significant difference in perioperative mortality by surgical procedure. Patients with a risk score greater than 5 had significantly higher perioperative mortality after lobectomy (4.9%) as compared to segmentectomy (3.6%) or wedge resection (0.8%, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: In this study, we have developed a risk model that predicts relative operative mortality from a sublobar resection as compared to a lobectomy. Among patients with a risk score of 5 or less, lobectomy confers no additional perioperative risk over sublobar resection.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / mortality*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / surgery*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Patient Selection
  • Pneumonectomy*
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome