Emergence of Transdiagnostic Treatments for PTSD and Posttraumatic Distress

Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2016 Oct;18(10):95. doi: 10.1007/s11920-016-0734-x.


Both theoretical and empirical findings have demonstrated similarities across diagnoses, leading to a growing interest in transdiagnostic interventions. Most of the evidence supporting transdiagnostic treatment has accumulated for depression, anxiety, and eating disorders, with minimal attention given to posttraumatic stress disorder and other reactions to traumatic stressors. Although single-diagnosis protocols are effective for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other trauma-related disorders, in principle, transdiagnostic approaches may have beneficial applications within a traumatized population. This paper defines different types of transdiagnostic treatments, reviews transdiagnostic approaches used in related disorders, and discusses their applicability to PTSD. Examples are drawn from existing transdiagnostic treatments in order to provide a framework for the application of such interventions to the field of traumatic stress. Implications for implementation and dissemination are also discussed.

Keywords: Posttraumatic stress disorder; Psychotherapy; Transdiagnostic; Treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Psychotherapy / methods*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy*
  • Stress, Psychological / diagnosis*
  • Stress, Psychological / therapy*