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. 1989;17(1-2):93-109.
doi: 10.1300/J082v17n01_04.

Parental Influences on the Self-Esteem of Gay and Lesbian Youths: A Reflected Appraisals Model

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Parental Influences on the Self-Esteem of Gay and Lesbian Youths: A Reflected Appraisals Model

R C Savin-Williams. J Homosex. .

Abstract

Based on a population of 317 gay and lesbian youths, the current investigation explores the appropriateness of a reflected appraisals perspective in predicting the degree to which parental attitudes, as perceived by youth, affects their self-esteem and comfortableness being gay. A lesbian was most comfortable with her sexual orientation if she also reported that her parents accepted her homosexuality; these variables did not, however, predict her level of self-esteem. Among the gay males, parental acceptance predicted comfortable being gay if the parents were also perceived as important components of a youth's self-worth; a male most comfortable with his sexual orientation had the highest level of self-esteem. Results are discussed in terms of: (a) sex of parent, (b) sex-role development, (c) comparisons of gays and lesbians, and (d) research on gay and lesbian youth.

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