Outcome of Management of Vascular Malformations of Lip

J Craniofac Surg. 2016 Sep;27(6):e520-4. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000002824.


Objectives: To describe the characteristics and outcome of management of vascular malformations of lip.

Place and duration of study: The Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Unit, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from January 2009 to December 2013.

Methods: A prospective case series of 38 patients with vascular malformation of lip was performed. Demographic information and clinical features were noted. Treatment employed, complications, functional, and cosmetic outcome were recorded. Surgical debulking was performed as definitive treatment in all patients and nonsurgical techniques were added as adjuvant modalities in 18 patients. Sclerotherapy was performed for venous malformations in 10 patients. LASER was performed in 8 patients with capillary or combined malformations. Arterial malformations were managed surgically without embolization. Postexcision defects were closed primarily in 36 patients with Abbe flap in 1 and nasolabial flap in another patient for reconstruction.

Results: Of 38 patients included in the study 20 (53%) were males with mean (SD) age 18 (6) years. Twenty-one percent were high and 79% low-flow malformations (29% venous, 16% capillary, and 34% combined). Lower lip was involved in 70% patients with 95% having difficulty in eating and 87% abnormal speech. Referring diagnosis was incorrect in 35% patients. Postsclerotherapy and postexcision pain scores were mean (SD) 5 (1.26) and 4 (1) respectively. All patients had improvement in eating and speech with restoration of normal muscle function in mean (SD) 5.63 (1.2) weeks. Ninety-five percent patients were satisfied with their outlook. One patient had recurrence at 1 year follow-up.

Conclusion: Surgical debulking with proper use of adjuvant procedure for vascular malformations of lip produces best functional and aesthetic results with minimal complications.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lip / blood supply*
  • Lip / diagnostic imaging
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Male
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sclerotherapy / methods*
  • Surgical Flaps*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler
  • Vascular Malformations / diagnosis
  • Vascular Malformations / therapy*
  • Young Adult