In our study, we used rapid electrical hippocampal kindling and in vivo microdialysis methods to assess the involvement of inflammatory mediators: lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and proinflammatory interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in mechanisms of epileptogenesis. We observed, that both, LPS and IL-1β, administered into stimulated hippocampus, accelerated kindling process. LPS also increased the expression of IL-1β in stimulated hippocampus in kindled rats. In vivo acute LPS perfusion, via a microdialysis cannula implanted into the naïve rat's hippocampus, produced an increase in extracellular glutamate release. We suppose, that particularly IL-1β action and increased glutamate concentration may significantly contribute to LPS effects on kindling development.
Keywords: Glutamate; IL-1β; LPS; Microdialysis; Rapid electrical hippocampal kindling; Seizures.
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